Health and Performance Benefits of Using a Standing Desk

Posted by Michael Lipka on


Are you working all day at your desk, hunched over your computer? The studies are clear: sitting all day at work can cause your body to experience:

  • Musculoskeletal problems
  • An increased risk of diabetes
  • Heart disease
  • And possibly early death
  • However, over the past decade the work environment has been going through a monumental toward standing desks, or stand-up desks. Generally speaking, most stand up desks fall into the following 3 categories:


    1. Manual Standing Desks
    Standing desk converters (i.e, sit on top of your desk) and are adjustable using squeeze handles. These "convert" your existing desk into a standing desk.

    2. Electric Standing Desk Converters
    Desk converters that rise with the push of a button. 

    3. Full Standing Desks
    A full standing desk replaces your existing desk and is usually electric.

    Health Benefits of a Standing Desk

    There are many benefits to be drawn from standing desks, but the most important are as follows:

    1. Weight Loss

    Studies have shown that using a standing desk for 3 hours per day can burn as much as 174 more calories than sitting down.

    That’s over 850 extra calories burned every week.

    Over 40,000 calories per year.

    And a total of TWELVE POUNDS of body weight per year!

    2. Lower Blood Sugar

    In the same study, it was found that standing for 3 hours after lunch reduced the after-meal blood sugar spike by 43% compared to groups who sat.

    Both groups—the "standers" and the "sitters":

    • Did the same amount of exercise
    • Ate the same foods
    • Did the same movement around the office.

    The study showed that prolonged sedentary time is linked to a 112% greater risk in Type 2 Diabetes.

    3. Lower Risk of Heart Disease

    Sitting is so harmful for your heart that an hour of intense exercise does not make up for an entire day of sitting in your office.

    18 studies of over 800,000 participants have confirmed that prolonged sedentary time has been calculated to increase the risk of heart disease by a whopping 147% compared to an active lifestyle.

    4. Reduced Risk of Cancer

    According to the American Cancer Society:

    “Sitting time research is still in its infancy, and we are trying to understand whether it’s the total amount that you sit or how frequently you break up those bouts of sitting that are related to disease risk.

    While we continue to learn what is driving this relationship, it’s clear that cutting down on the time you spend sitting is good for your health.”

    5. Reduced Back Pain

    Of course, there are musculoskeletal benefits as well from standing more. Back pain is one of the most common complaints of office workers, or even people who spend too much time on their couch at home.

    A recent study compared the impact of standing desks vs. sitting desks and found that breaking up workplace sitting time with intermittent standing bouts improves fatigue and musculoskeletal discomfort in overweight/obese office workers. In this study they found that lower back musculoskeletal discomfort was reduced by 32% when you stand every 30 min using an electric, height-adjustable workstation.

    Another study by the Center for Disease Control found that upper back and neck pain reduced by 54% after four weeks of standing.

    6. Increased Energy Levels

    In one seven-week study, those using standing desks reported 87% more vigor and energy during the day compared to those at sitting desks. There are related findings showing that sedentary time increased the risk of both depression and anxiety.

    7. Productivity

    In a study from 2016, it was found that call center workers were 50% more productive than their sitting counterparts.

    CONCLUSION

    It’s hard to argue with the numbers and studies. Standing desks are a huge benefit to those who use them, so it’s no surprise that many workplaces are switching over to manual standing desks, electric standing desks, and full standing desks.

     

    REFERENCE LIST

    Here's a list of references included in the article above:

    Buckley JP1, Mellor DD, Morris M, Joseph F. - Standing-based office work shows encouraging signs of attenuating post-prandial glycaemic excursion. Occup Environ Med. 2014 Feb;71(2):109-11

    Wilmot EG1, Edwardson CL, Achana FA, Davies MJ, Gorely T, Gray LJ, Khunti K, Yates T, Biddle SJ. - Sedentary time in adults and the association with diabetes, cardiovascular disease and death: systematic review and meta-analysis. Diabetologia. 2012 Nov;55(11):2895-905

    Eric J. Shiroma and I-Min Lee - Physical Activity and Cardiovascular Health; Lessons Learned From Epidemiological Studies Across Age, Gender, and Race/Ethnicity. Circulation. 2010;122:743–752

    Thorp AA1, Kingwell BA2, Owen N3, Dunstan DW4. - Breaking up workplace sitting time with intermittent standing bouts improves fatigue and musculoskeletal discomfort in overweight/obese office workers. Occup Environ Med. 2014 Nov;71(11):765-71

    Pronk NP1, Katz AS, Lowry M, Payfer JR. - Reducing occupational sitting time and improving worker health: the Take-a-Stand Project, 2011. Prev Chronic Dis. 2012;9:E154

    Husemann B1, Von Mach CY, Borsotto D, Zepf KI, Scharnbacher J. - Hum Factors. 2009 Jun;51(3):310-20.

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